Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2000 142267(1) 142456 142434 142751 142388 142591 142278 142514 142518 142622 142962 143248
2001 143800 143701 143924 143569 143318 143357 143654 143284 143989 144086 144240 144305
2002 143883 144653 144481 144725 144938 144808 144803 145009 145552 145314 145041 145066
2003 145937(1) 146100 146022 146474 146500 147056 146485 146445 146530 146716 147000 146729
2004 146842(1) 146709 146944 146850 147065 147460 147692 147564 147415 147793 148162 148059
2005 148029(1) 148364 148391 148926 149261 149238 149432 149779 149954 150001 150065 150030
2006 150214(1) 150641 150813 150881 151069 151354 151377 151716 151662 152041 152406 152732
2007 153144(1) 152983 153051 152435 152670 153041 153054 152749 153414 153183 153835 153918
2008 154063(1) 153653 153908 153769 154303 154313 154469 154641 154570 154876 154639 154655
2009 154210(1) 154538 154133 154509 154747 154716 154502 154307 153827 153784 153878 153111
2010 153484(1) 153694 153954 154622 154091 153616 153691 154086 153975 153635 154125 153650
2011 153263(1) 153214 153376 153543 153479 153346 153288 153760 154131 153961 154128 153995
2012 154381(1) 154671 154749 154545 154866 155083 154948 154763 155160 155554 155338 155628
2013 155763(1) 155312 155005 155394 155536 155749 155599 155605 155687 154673 155265 155182
2014 155357(1) 155526 156108 155404 155564 155742 156011 156124 156019 156383 156455 156301
2015 157063(1) 156734 156754 157051 157449 157071 157035 157132 156700 157138 157435 158043
2016 158387(1) 158811 159253 158919 158512 158976 159207 159514 159734 159700 159544 159736
2017 159718(1) 159997 160235 160181 159729 160214 160467 160598 161082 160371 160533 160597
2018 161115(1) 161921 161763 161527 161539 162140 162245
1 : Data affected by changes in population controls.

 Employment Level

155,965,000

Series Id:           LNS12000000
Seasonally Adjusted
Series title:        (Seas) Employment Level
Labor force status:  Employed
Type of data:        Number in thousands
Age:                 16 years and over

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 146378(1) 146156 146086 146132 145908 145737 145532 145203 145076 144802 144100 143369
2009 142152(1) 141640 140707 140656 140248 140009 139901 139492 138818 138432 138659 138013
2010 138438(1) 138581 138751 139297 139241 139141 139179 139438 139396 139119 139044 139301
2011 139250(1) 139394 139639 139586 139624 139384 139524 139942 140183 140368 140826 140902
2012 141584(1) 141858 142036 141899 142206 142391 142292 142291 143044 143431 143333 143330
2013 143292(1) 143362 143316 143635 143882 143999 144264 144326 144418 143537 144479 144778
2014 145122(1) 145161 145673 145680 145825 146267 146401 146522 146752 147411 147391 147597
2015 148113(1) 148100 148175 148505 148788 148806 148830 149136 148810 149254 149486 150135
2016 150576(1) 151005 151229 150978 151048 151164 151484 151687 151815 151939 152126 152233
2017 152076(1) 152511 153064 153161 152892 153250 153511 153471 154324 153846 153917 154021
2018 154430(1) 155215 155178 155181 155474 155576 155965
1 : Data affected by changes in population controls.

Not in Labor Force

95,598,000

Series Id:           LNS15000000
Seasonally Adjusted
Series title:        (Seas) Not in Labor Force
Labor force status:  Not in labor force
Type of data:        Number in thousands
Age:                 16 years and over

Download:
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 78554 79156 79087 79429 79102 79314 79395 79466 79790 79736 80189 80380
2009 80529 80374 80953 80762 80705 80938 81367 81780 82495 82766 82865 83813
2010 83349 83304 83206 82707 83409 84075 84199 84014 84347 84895 84590 85240
2011 85441 85637 85623 85603 85834 86144 86383 86111 85940 86308 86312 86589
2012 87888 87765 87855 88239 88100 88073 88405 88803 88613 88429 88836 88722
2013 88900 89516 89990 89780 89827 89803 90156 90355 90481 91708 91302 91563
2014 91557 91559 91150 92036 92058 92072 92012 92105 92428 92274 92390 92726
2015 92660 93165 93326 93214 93006 93592 93841 93963 94625 94403 94312 93893
2016 94010 93766 93515 94049 94662 94421 94413 94340 94357 94621 94996 95006
2017 94364 94248 94179 94407 95038 94743 94684 94759 94480 95395 95416 95512
2018 95665 95012 95335 95745 95915 95502 95598

Civilian Labor Force Participation Rate

62.9%

Series Id:           LNS11300000
Seasonally Adjusted
Series title:        (Seas) Labor Force Participation Rate
Labor force status:  Civilian labor force participation rate
Type of data:        Percent or rate
Age:                 16 years and over

Download:
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2000 67.3 67.3 67.3 67.3 67.1 67.1 66.9 66.9 66.9 66.8 66.9 67.0
2001 67.2 67.1 67.2 66.9 66.7 66.7 66.8 66.5 66.8 66.7 66.7 66.7
2002 66.5 66.8 66.6 66.7 66.7 66.6 66.5 66.6 66.7 66.6 66.4 66.3
2003 66.4 66.4 66.3 66.4 66.4 66.5 66.2 66.1 66.1 66.1 66.1 65.9
2004 66.1 66.0 66.0 65.9 66.0 66.1 66.1 66.0 65.8 65.9 66.0 65.9
2005 65.8 65.9 65.9 66.1 66.1 66.1 66.1 66.2 66.1 66.1 66.0 66.0
2006 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.1 66.1 66.2 66.1 66.2 66.1 66.2 66.3 66.4
2007 66.4 66.3 66.2 65.9 66.0 66.0 66.0 65.8 66.0 65.8 66.0 66.0
2008 66.2 66.0 66.1 65.9 66.1 66.1 66.1 66.1 66.0 66.0 65.9 65.8
2009 65.7 65.8 65.6 65.7 65.7 65.7 65.5 65.4 65.1 65.0 65.0 64.6
2010 64.8 64.9 64.9 65.2 64.9 64.6 64.6 64.7 64.6 64.4 64.6 64.3
2011 64.2 64.1 64.2 64.2 64.1 64.0 64.0 64.1 64.2 64.1 64.1 64.0
2012 63.7 63.8 63.8 63.7 63.7 63.8 63.7 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.6 63.7
2013 63.7 63.4 63.3 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.3 63.3 63.2 62.8 63.0 62.9
2014 62.9 62.9 63.1 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.9 62.9 62.8
2015 62.9 62.7 62.7 62.8 62.9 62.7 62.6 62.6 62.3 62.5 62.5 62.7
2016 62.8 62.9 63.0 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.7
2017 62.9 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.7 62.8 62.9 62.9 63.0 62.7 62.7 62.7
2018 62.7 63.0 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.9 62.9  

 

 U-6 Unemployment Rate

7.8%

Series Id:           LNS13327709
Seasonally Adjusted
Series title:        (seas) Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached workers plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of all civilian labor force plus all marginally attached workers
Labor force status:  Aggregated totals unemployed
Type of data:        Percent or rate
Age:                 16 years and over
Percent/rates:       Unemployed and mrg attached and pt for econ reas as percent of labor force plus marg attached

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 9.2 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.7 10.1 10.5 10.8 11.0 11.8 12.6 13.6
2009 14.2 15.2 15.8 15.9 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.7 16.7 17.1 17.1 17.1
2010 16.7 17.0 17.1 17.1 16.6 16.4 16.4 16.5 16.8 16.6 16.9 16.6
2011 16.2 16.0 15.9 16.1 15.8 16.1 15.9 16.1 16.4 15.8 15.5 15.2
2012 15.2 15.0 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.8 14.6 14.8 14.4 14.4 14.4
2013 14.6 14.4 13.8 14.0 13.8 14.2 13.8 13.6 13.5 13.6 13.1 13.1
2014 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.3 12.1 12.0 12.1 11.9 11.7 11.5 11.4 11.2
2015 11.3 11.0 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.0 9.8 9.9 9.9
2016 9.9 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.3 9.1
2017 9.4 9.2 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.1
2018 8.2 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.8 7.5


Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until                  USDL-18-1240
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 3, 2018

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2018


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 157,000 in July, and the unemployment rate edged down 
to 3.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment increased in 
professional and business services, in manufacturing, and in health care and social assistance. 

Household Survey Data

In July, the unemployment rate edged down by 0.1 percentage point to 3.9 percent, following an 
increase in June. The number of unemployed persons declined by 284,000 to 6.3 million in July. 
Both measures were down over the year, by 0.4 percentage point and 676,000, respectively. 
(See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.4 percent) and Whites 
(3.4 percent) declined in July. The jobless rates for adult women (3.7 percent), teenagers 
(13.1 percent), Blacks (6.6 percent), Asians (3.1 percent), and Hispanics (4.5 percent) showed 
little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of reentrants to the labor force decreased by 287,000 in July 
to 1.8 million, following an increase in June. (Reentrants are persons who previously worked 
but were not in the labor force prior to beginning their job search.) (See table A-11.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially 
unchanged at 1.4 million in July and accounted for 22.7 percent of the unemployed. (See table 
A-12.)

The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent in July, was unchanged over the month and 
over the year. The employment-population ratio, at 60.5 percent, was little changed in July but 
has increased by 0.3 percentage point over the year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as 
involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in July, at 4.6 million, but was down by 
669,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were 
working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time 
jobs. (See table A-8.)

In July, 1.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little different from 
a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor 
force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 
months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 
weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 512,000 discouraged workers in July, little changed 
from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because 
they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.0 million persons marginally 
attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such as school 
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 157,000 in July, compared with an average monthly 
gain of 203,000 over the prior 12 months. In July, job gains occurred in professional and 
business services, in manufacturing, and in health care and social assistance. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services increased by 51,000 in July and has risen by
518,000 over the year. Over the month, employment edged up in temporary help services (+28,000) 
and in computer systems design and related services (+8,000).

Manufacturing added 37,000 jobs in July, with most of the gain in the durable goods component. 
Employment rose in transportation equipment (+13,000), machinery (+6,000), and electronic 
instruments (+2,000). Over the past 12 months, manufacturing has added 327,000 jobs.

In July, employment in health care and social assistance rose by 34,000. Health care employment 
continued to trend up over the month (+17,000) and has increased by 286,000 over the year. 
Hospitals added 7,000 jobs over the month. Within social assistance, individual and family 
services added 16,000 jobs in July and 77,000 jobs over the year.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up over the month (+26,000). 
Over the year, the industry has added 203,000 jobs. 

Construction employment continued to trend up in July (+19,000) and has increased by 308,000 
over the year.

In July, employment in retail trade changed little (+7,000). Job gains occurred in general 
merchandise stores (+14,000), clothing and clothing accessories stores (+10,000), and food and 
beverage stores (+8,000). These employment gains were offset by a decline of 32,000 in sporting 
goods, hobby, book, and music stores, reflecting job losses in hobby, toy, and game stores. 

Employment showed little or no change over the month in other major industries, including 
mining, wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, 
and government.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 hour to 
34.5 hours in July, following an increase of 0.1 hour in June. In manufacturing, both the 
workweek and overtime were unchanged in July, at 40.9 hours and 3.5 hours, respectively. The 
average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
remained at 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 7 cents 
to $27.05. Over the year, average hourly earnings have increased by 71 cents, or 2.7 percent. 
Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 
3 cents to $22.65 in July. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised up from +244,000 to
+268,000, and the change for June was revised up from +213,000 to +248,000. With these 
revisions, employment gains in May and June combined were 59,000 more than previously 
reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses and 
government agencies since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of 
seasonal factors.) After revisions, job gains have averaged 224,000 per month over the 
last 3 months.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 7, 2018, 
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                                       |
|    2018 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to the Establishment Survey Data will be       |
|                            Released on August 22, 2018                                |
|                                                                                       |
|Each year, the establishment survey estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts  |
|of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month   |
|of March. These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records  |
|that nearly all employers are required to file. On August 22, 2018, at 10:00 a.m.      |
|(EDT), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary estimate of   |
|the upcoming annual benchmark revision. This is the same day the first-quarter 2018    |
|data from QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions for all major industry  |
|sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private levels, will be available on the   |
|BLS website at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm. The final benchmark revision     |
|will be issued with the publication of the January 2019 Employment Situation news      |
|release in February 2019.                                                              |
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|



The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

Employment Situation Summary Table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2017
May
2018
June
2018
July
2018
Change from:
June
2018-
July
2018

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

255,151 257,454 257,642 257,843 201

Civilian labor force

160,467 161,539 162,140 162,245 105

Participation rate

62.9 62.7 62.9 62.9 0.0

Employed

153,511 155,474 155,576 155,965 389

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.4 60.4 60.5 0.1

Unemployed

6,956 6,065 6,564 6,280 -284

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.8 4.0 3.9 -0.1

Not in labor force

94,684 95,915 95,502 95,598 96

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

4.3 3.8 4.0 3.9 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.0 3.5 3.7 3.4 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.0 3.3 3.7 3.7 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

13.3 12.8 12.6 13.1 0.5

White

3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 -0.1

Black or African American

7.4 5.9 6.5 6.6 0.1

Asian

3.8 2.1 3.2 3.1 -0.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

3.6 3.0 3.3 3.2 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

7.0 5.4 5.5 5.1 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

4.5 3.9 4.2 4.0 -0.2

Some college or associate degree

3.7 3.2 3.3 3.2 -0.1

Bachelor’s degree and higher

2.3 2.0 2.3 2.2 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,357 2,854 3,065 3,017 -48

Job leavers

760 852 811 844 33

Reentrants

2,086 1,882 2,086 1,799 -287

New entrants

697 571 578 591 13

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,135 2,034 2,227 2,091 -136

5 to 14 weeks

2,006 1,945 1,882 1,820 -62

15 to 26 weeks

1,022 977 836 971 135

27 weeks and over

1,757 1,189 1,478 1,435 -43

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

5,236 4,948 4,743 4,567 -176

Slack work or business conditions

3,148 3,004 3,042 2,877 -165

Could only find part-time work

1,734 1,480 1,447 1,431 -16

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,311 21,095 21,304 21,532 228

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,629 1,455 1,437 1,498

Discouraged workers

536 378 359 512

– Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.a.htm

Employment Situation Summary Table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2017
May
2018
June
2018(P)
July
2018(P)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

190 268 248 157

Total private

188 260 234 170

Goods-producing

-8 56 52 52

Mining and logging

2 3 6 -4

Construction

-6 30 13 19

Manufacturing

-4 23 33 37

Durable goods(1)

-12 14 30 32

Motor vehicles and parts

-24.6 -6.8 11.1 5.9

Nondurable goods

8 9 3 5

Private service-providing

196 204 182 118

Wholesale trade

6.6 9.0 8.0 12.3

Retail trade

-1.0 29.1 -20.2 7.1

Transportation and warehousing

3.7 15.8 18.9 -1.3

Utilities

-0.7 -1.7 -0.3 -2.8

Information

-3 3 1 0

Financial activities

13 12 10 -5

Professional and business services(1)

53 49 43 51

Temporary help services

13.1 -0.7 -7.5 27.9

Education and health services(1)

57 42 69 22

Health care and social assistance

48.9 35.9 37.2 33.5

Leisure and hospitality

63 35 34 40

Other services

5 11 18 -5

Government

2 8 14 -13

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

195 199 230 224

Total private

191 196 223 221

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.6 49.7 49.7

Total private women employees

48.1 48.2 48.3 48.3

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.6 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$26.34 $26.94 $26.98 $27.05

Average weekly earnings

$906.10 $929.43 $933.51 $933.23

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

107.4 109.4 110.0 109.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.2 0.5 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

135.3 141.0 141.8 142.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (258 industries)

64.5 70.2 67.4 64.0

Manufacturing (76 industries)

60.5 69.1 67.8 65.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(P) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2017 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.b.htm

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Martin Niemöller (1892–1984)

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