Archive for February 24th, 2017

The Pronk Pops Show 845, February 23, 2017, Story 1: The Laurel & Hardy or Priebus & Bannon of Big Government Conservative PAC Meet and Greet — Old Wine in Old Bottles — A Movement Is Not A Viable Party — After Eight Years The Republican Party Cannot Repeal Obamacare and Replace The Income Tax With The FairTax On Day One — Status Quo Business As Usual — Delay, Delay, Delay — Millennials Missing Milo –Videos

Posted on February 24, 2017. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Business, Communications, Congress, Corruption, Countries, Crime, Culture, Donald J. Trump, Donald J. Trump, Donald Trump, Donald Trump, Education, Empires, Employment, Government Spending, History, House of Representatives, Human, Illegal Drugs, Illegal Immigration, Immigration, Islamic Republic of Iran, Islamic State, Legal Immigration, Life, Media, News, Photos, Politics, Polls, President Trump, Senate, Unemployment, United States of America, Videos, Violence, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |


The Pronk Pops Show Podcasts

Pronk Pops Show 845: February 23, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 844: February 22, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 843: February 21, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 842: February 20, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 841: February 17, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 840: February 16, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 839: February 15, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 838: February 14, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 837: February 13, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 836: February 10, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 835: February 9, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 834: February 8, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 833: February 7, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 832: February 6, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 831: February 3, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 830: February 2, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 829: February 1, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 828: January 31, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 827: January 30, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 826: January 27, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 825: January 26, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 824: January 25, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 823: January 24, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 822: January 23, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 821: January 20, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 820: January 19, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 819: January 18, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 818: January 17, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 817: January 13, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 816: January 12, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 815: January 11, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 814: January 10, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 813: January 9, 2017

Pronk Pops Show 812: December 12, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 811: December 9, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 810: December 8, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 809: December 7, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 808: December 6, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 807: December 5, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 806: December 2, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 805: December 1, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 804: November 30, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 803: November 29, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 802: November 28, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 801: November 22, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 800: November 21, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 799: November 18, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 798: November 17, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 797: November 16, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 796: November 15, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 795: November 14, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 794: November 10, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 793: November 9, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 792: November 8, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 791: November 7, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 790: November 4, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 789: November 3, 2016

Pronk Pops Show 788: November 2, 2016

Story 1: The Laurel & Hardy or Priebus & Bannon of Big Government Conservative PAC Meet and Greet —  Old Wine in Old Bottles — A Movement Is Not A Viable Party — After Eight Years The Republican Party Cannot Repeal Obamacare and Replace The Income Tax With The FairTax On Day One — Status Quo Business As Usual — Delay, Delay, Delay — Millennials Missing Milo –Videos
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Laurel & Hardy Best Clips

Steve Bannon & Reince Priebus At CPAC 2017 Conference [23/2/17]

CPAC 2017 – Mark Levin and Sen. Ted Cruz

CPAC 2017 – The States vs The State Governors Panel

CPAC 2017 – Kellyanne Conway

The Milo Yiannopoulos scandal is a coordinated hit job (CPAC 2017)

Published on Feb 20, 2017

Sexual comments by Breitbart writer Milo Yiannopoulous was brought to light this week, causing his speech at CPAC 2017 to be cancelled along with his “Dangerous” book title, which was to be published by Simon & Schuster. These attacks contain fingerprints from the establishment.

UPDATE: He resigned from Breitbart (…)

My controversial article “How To Stop Rape”:…

How To Destroy The Establishment Media:…

The Culture War Is Being Transformed Into A Hot War:…

My book Free Speech Isn’t Free tells the story of how I was attacked by the establishment:

Adam Carolla on Milo Yiannopoulos Controversy, Press Conference & Resignation

Milo Yiannopoulos Interview | Real Time with Bill Maher (HBO)

Why Men Are Better At Everything Ever: Steven Crowder & Milo Yiannopoulos

Milo Yiannopoulos DESTROYS Emotional Liberal On Donald Trump



Milo and CPAC

Milo Yiannopoulos Explains His Controversial Comments And CPAC On Facebook Live

PRESS CONFERENCE: Milo Yiannopoulos Resigns from Breitbart, Tells Story of Past Sexual Abuse (FNN)

THE MILO SEX CLIP THAT GOT HIM IN TROUBLE! Listen and Judge for Yourself!!

Milo Yiannopoulos, Steven Crowder and Christina Hoff Sommers at UMass

BBC Tries to Ambush Milo…With Exactly The Result You’d Expect

MILO At UC – Colorado Springs: Why The Dems Lost The White Working Class

MILO OBLITERATES Student Who Called Him A “White Supremacist”

MILO Thrashes Heckling Muslim Women At New Mexico

MILO On Climate Change And “Post Truth” Politics

Conservative Political Action Conference

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Conservative Political Action Conference
CPAC logo 2017.png

The official logo for CPAC 2017
Dates March (dates vary)
Frequency Annual
Location(s) National Harbor, Maryland, U.S.
Inaugurated 1973; 44 years ago
Next event February 22 – 25, 2017
Organized by American Conservative Union

The Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC; /ˈspæk/ see-pak) is an annual political conference attended by conservative activists and elected officials from across the United States. CPAC is hosted by the American Conservative Union (ACU).[1] More than 100 other organizations contribute in various ways.

In 2011, ACU took CPAC on the road with its first Regional CPAC in Orlando, Florida. Since then ACU has hosted regional CPACs in Chicago, Denver, St. Louis, and San Diego. Political front runners take the stage at this convention.

Speakers have included Ronald Reagan,[2][3][4] George W. Bush,[5] Dick Cheney,[6] Pat Buchanan,[7] Karl Rove, Newt Gingrich,[5] Sarah Palin, Ron Paul,[8] Mitt Romney,[5] Tony Snow,[5] Glenn Beck,[9] Rush Limbaugh,[10] Ann Coulter,[6] Allen West,[11] Michele Bachmann,[12] Laura Ingraham, Sean Hannity, Donald Trump,[13] Gary Johnson, and other conservative public figures.


Number of CPAC attendees over time

Donald Trump speaking at the 2011 CPAC

Ann Coulter speaking at the 2011 CPAC

The conference was founded in 1973 by the American Conservative Union and Young Americans for Freedom as a small gathering of dedicated conservatives.[14][15] The 2010 CPAC featured co-sponsorship for the first time from the John Birch Society and GOProud. The Ronald Reagan Award was given to the Tea Party movement, which marked the first time it was ever given to a group instead of an individual.[16][17][18] The 2011 CPAC was Donald Trump’s first speaking appearance at CPAC. His appearance at CPAC was organized by GOProud, in conjunction with GOPround supporter Roger Stone, who was close with Trump. GOPround pushed for a write-in campaign for Donald Trump at CPAC’s presidential straw poll. Christopher R. Barron, co-founder of GOProud who would later not only endorse Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign, but also launch LGBT for Trump, said he “would love to see Mr. Trump run for president.” For the 2012 CPAC conference, the ACU board voted to not invite GOProud or the John Birch Society to the 2012 conference.[19] The 2011 CPAC speech Trump gave is credited for helping kick-start his political career within the Republican Party.[20][21][22] The 2015 CPAC featured Jamila Bey who became the first atheist activist to address CPAC’s annual meeting.[23] The 2016 CPAC featured co-sponsorship for the first time from the Log Cabin Republicans.[24]


In 2014, CPAC extended an invitation to the American Atheists, which was immediately withdrawn on the same day due to controversial statements.[25]

In 2017, CPAC extended an invitation to conservative blogger Milo Yiannopoulos to speak at the event, despite his history of inflammatory and controversial views[26] on feminism, racial minorities, and transgender people. Yiannopoulos had previously been banned from Twitter after allegedly inciting racial and sexual harassment towards SNL cast member Leslie Jones. The invitation was cancelled when tapes surfaced[27] in which Yiannopoulos is heard making comments interpreted as defending sexual relationships between adult men and younger boys, though he later claimed to be joking. Milo admits that he was sexually abused at the age of 13 and apologized stating that he was vehemently opposed to sexual predation and that his style of flippant provocateur was not meant to marginalize the extreme subject matter.[28]

Straw poll

Straw poll results at the 2015 CPAC in National Harbor, Maryland on February 28, 2015.

The annual CPAC straw poll vote traditionally serves as a barometer for the feelings of the conservative movement. During the conference, attendees are encouraged to fill out a survey that asks questions on a variety of issues. The questions regarding the most popular possible presidential candidates are the most widely reported. One component of CPAC is evaluating conservative candidates for president, and the straw poll serves generally to quantify conservative opinion.

Year Straw Poll Winner  % of Votes Second Place  % of Votes
1976 Ronald Reagan[29][30] George Wallace
1980 Ronald Reagan
1984 Ronald Reagan
1986 Jack Kemp[31][32] George H.W. Bush
1987 Jack Kemp[33] 68% Patrick Buchanan 9%
1993 Jack Kemp[34]
1995 Phil Gramm[35] 40% Bob Dole 12%
1998 Steve Forbes[36] 23% George W. Bush 10%
1999 Gary Bauer[37][38] 28% George W. Bush 24%
2000 George W. Bush[39] 42% Alan Keyes 23%
2005 Rudy Giuliani[40] 19% Condoleezza Rice 18%
2006 George Allen[41] 22% John McCain 20%
2007 Mitt Romney[41] 21% Rudy Giuliani 17%
2008 Mitt Romney[41] 35% John McCain 34%
2009 Mitt Romney[41][42] 20% Bobby Jindal 14%
2010 Ron Paul[41][43] 31% Mitt Romney 22%
2011 Ron Paul[44] 30% Mitt Romney 23%
2012 Mitt Romney[45] 38% Rick Santorum 31%
2013 Rand Paul[46] 25% Marco Rubio 23%
2014 Rand Paul[47] 31% Ted Cruz 11%
2015 Rand Paul 26% Scott Walker 21%
2016 Ted Cruz 40% Marco Rubio 30%

Overall, Mitt Romney holds the record of winning more CPAC straw polls than any other individual, with four. Ronald Reagan, Jack Kemp and Rand Paul follow with three consecutive wins each, followed by Ron Paul with two wins. Of these five, the Pauls are the only two to win more than one straw poll, yet never appear on a Republican presidential ticket in any election (although Ron Paul did receive one Electoral College vote in 2016).[48]


Every year there are several awards given to notable conservatives. Although the exact lineup of awards varies, five awards are usually presented:

  • The “Ronald Reagan Award” is the highest award given at CPAC. It is awarded to dedicated activists, regardless of how high their profile may be on a national scale. ACU director David Keene described the award in 2008: “The winners of this award, our highest honor, are not household names, but the men and women working in the trenches who sacrifice and, in so doing, set an example for others.”[49] This award is different from the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, which is not affiliated with CPAC.
  • The “Jeane Kirkpatrick Academic Freedom Award” is presented annually in honor of Jeane Kirkpatrick. Kirkpatrick was affiliated with the American Conservative Union for many years.
  • “Defender of the Constitution Award”
  • The “Blogger of the Year Award” is given to a leading conservative member of the blogosphere.
  • The “Charlton Heston Courage Under Fire Award” is named after the late actor and political activist Charlton Heston.


The 2017 CPAC sponsors were the following:[50]


The 2017 CPAC exhibitors were the following:[50]

Milo Yiannopoulos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“Yiannopoulos” redirects here. For the American law professor, see A. N. Yiannopoulos. For other uses, see Giannopoulos (disambiguation).
Milo Yiannopoulos
Next14 Day1 pic by Thomas Fedra (14132414383) (cropped).jpg

Yiannopoulos in 2014
Born Milo Hanrahan
18 October 1984 (age 32)
Kent, England
Residence United Kingdom
Nationality British
Other names Milo Andreas Wagner
Occupation Journalist, author
Years active 2007–present
Writing career
Pen name Milo Andreas Wagner (2007)

Milo Yiannopoulos (/jəˈnɒpᵿləs/;[1] born Milo Hanrahan; 18 October 1984)[2] is a British journalist and public speaker, and a former senior editor for Breitbart News. He wrote previously using the pseudonymMilo Andreas Wagner.[3][4] He has become a symbol of the No Platform movement of banning controversial speakers,[5] and is regarded as a provocateur.[6]

Yiannopoulos co-founded The Kernel in 2011, an online tabloid magazine about technology, which he sold to Daily Dot Media in 2014. He wrote about the Gamergate controversy. As a self-proclaimed “cultural libertarian[7] and “free speech fundamentalist”, he is a vocal critic of fourth-wave feminism,[8]Islam, social justice, political correctness, and other movements and ideologies he deems authoritarian or belonging to the “regressive left“. Yiannopoulos considers himself a reporter of and “occasional fellow traveller” with the alt-right movement.[9]

He was permanently banned from Twitter in July 2016 for what the company cited as “inciting or engaging in the targeted abuse or harassment of others”.[10][11][12] He resigned from Breitbart after a controversy arising from a leaked Youtube clip in which he defended sexual relationships between 13-year old boys and adult men and women as “consensual.”

Early and personal life

Yiannopoulos was born and raised in Kent in southern England.[13][14] His father is of half Greek and half Irish descent, while his mother is British.[15][16][17] His parents divorced while he was young and he was raised by his mother and her second husband, with whom he did not have a good relationship. Yiannopoulos described his father as “terrifying” and remarking upon his family’s wealth he said, “I would think, if my dad is just a doorman, why do we have such a nice house? Then I saw it on The Sopranos.”[16] As a teenager, Yiannopoulos lived with his grandmother, who regularly took him for high tea at Claridge’s.[16]

He is a practisingCatholic; Yiannopoulos has said that his maternal grandmother is Jewish,[18][19] which has put him at odds with neo-Nazi elements of the alt-right.[20] He was educated at Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys and attended the University of Manchester, dropping out without graduating.[21] He then attended Wolfson College, Cambridge, where he studied English literature for two years before dropping out. Regarding dropping out of university, in a 2012 interview he said “I try to tell myself I’m in good company, but ultimately it doesn’t say great things about you unless you go on to terrific success in your own right.”[22]

Career and politics

Milo Yiannopoulos (2013)

Yiannopoulos originally intended to write theatre criticism, but became interested in technology journalism whilst investigating women in computing for The Daily Telegraph in 2009.[8]He appeared on Sky News discussing social media,[23] and on BBC Breakfast discussing Pope Benedict XVI‘s visit to the United Kingdom.[24]

Yiannopoulos has debated same-sex marriage on Newsnight,[25] and on Channel 4‘s 10 O’Clock Live with Boy George.[26] He opposed the provision of “Soho masses“.[27]

In November 2013, he debated with singer Will Young on Newsnight about the use of the word “gay” in the playground,[28] and with rapper Tinchy Stryder on the same programme in May 2014, about copyright infringement and music piracy.[29] In March 2015, he appeared on The Big Questions, discussing topics relating to feminism and discrimination against men in the United Kingdom.[30]

Yiannopoulos is a supporter of Donald Trump, whom he refers to as “my daddy”. He’s compared to Ann Coulter and is referred to as the “face of a political movement,” but his real concern is “pop culture and free speech.” As he states: “I don’t care about politics, I only talk about politics because of Trump.”[16]

The Telegraph Tech Start-Up 100

Yiannopoulos organised a method of ranking the most promising technology start-ups in Europe, The Telegraph Tech Start-Up 100, in 2011. It operated through an events company called Wrong Agency, started by Yiannopoulos and David Rosenberg, a friend from Cambridge University. The company was dissolved shortly after the ceremony that awarded the top start-up.[4]Mike Butcher of TechCrunch said the main prize had been given to music streaming service Spotify, even though his casting vote had gone to the controversial payday loan company Wonga, because the Telegraph considered Wonga’s reputation objectionable.[31]

The Kernel

Together with university friends David Rosenberg and David Haywood Smith, journalist Stephen Pritchard and former Telegraph employee Adrian McShane, Yiannopoulos launched The Kernel in November 2011 to “fix European technology journalism”.[32]The Kernel was at that time owned by Sentinel Media.

In 2012, the online magazine became embroiled in a legal dispute with one of its contributors after he said it failed to pay money owed to him.[4]The Kernel closed in March 2013, with thousands of pounds owed to former contributor Jason Hesse when he won a summary judgement from an employment tribunal against parent company Sentinel Media. Margot Huysman, whom Yiannopoulos had appointed associate editor and was one of the people seeking payment, said that many working for the site had been “screwed over” personally and financially.[33] Yiannopoulos also threatened, via email, to release embarrassing details and photographs of a Kernel contributor who sought payment for their work for the site and he also accused the contributor of being behind the “majority of damage to The Kernel“. The unnamed contributor told the Guardian that the emails had been referred to the police.[34]

German venture capital vehicle BERLIN42 acquired The Kernels assets in early 2013. The website displayed plans for a relaunch in August 2013 with fresh investment and Yiannopoulos reinstated as editor-in-chief.[35]BERLIN42 founding partner Aydogan Ali Schosswald would join its newly formed publishing company, Kernel Media, as chief executive. Yiannopoulos personally paid six former contributors money that the defunct company was unable to pay.[35] Parent company Sentinel Media Ltd was eventually dissolved on 18 February 2014 after being struck off by Companies House.[36]

The Independent on Sunday reported that the relaunched publication, based between London and Berlin, would focus on “modern warfare, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, pornography and space travel” from August, but newsletter The Nutshell would not return.[37] In 2014, The Kernel was acquired by the parent company of The Daily Dot, Daily Dot Media. After the acquisition by Daily Dot Media, Yiannopoulos stepped down as editor-in-chief though he remained an adviser to the company.[38]


Yiannopoulos played a role in early news coverage of the Gamergate controversy, criticising what he saw as the politicisation of video game culture by “an army of sociopathic feminist programmers and campaigners, abetted by achingly politically correct American tech bloggers”.[39][40][41] In December 2014, he announced he was working on a book about Gamergate.[42]

As part of his coverage of Gamergate, he published correspondence from GameJournoPros, a private mailing list used by video game journalists to discuss industry related topics.[43][44] Yiannopoulos said that the list was evidence that journalists were colluding to offer negative coverage of Gamergate.[45] Kyle Orland, the creator of the list, responded to the leak on Ars Technica. Orland disputed the claim that the list suggested collusion among journalists, but said that he had written a message saying several things that he later regretted.[46] Carter Dotson of said that the list was indicative of an echo chamber effect in the gaming press.[47]

During the controversy, Yiannopoulos said that he received a syringe filled with an unknown substance through the post,[48][49] as well as a dead animal.

In May 2015, a meetup in Washington D.C. for supporters of Gamergate arranged by Yiannopoulos and Christina Hoff Sommers was targeted by a bomb threat made over Twitter, according to the local police responding to information supplied by the FBI.[50] Similarly, three months later, an event with the Society of Professional Journalists in August 2015 was targeted by bomb threats, forcing the evacuation of an event with Yiannopoulos and Sommers.[51][52][53][54]

Breitbart Tech

In October 2015, the Breitbart News Network placed Yiannopoulos in charge of its new “Breitbart Tech” section. The site has six full-time staff, including an eSports specialist. On 10 February it was announced that Yiannopoulos resigned.[55][56]

Yiannopoulos Privilege Grant

In January 2016, Yiannopoulos co-founded the Yiannopoulos Privilege Grant with Margaret MacLennan.[57] The grant plans to disburse 50 grants of $2,500 to disadvantaged white men to assist them with their tertiary expenses, starting in the 2016–17 academic year. 100 grants of the same amount will be dispersed in the second year, and 200 in the third.[58] The Privilege Grant’s official website was temporarily taken down due to DDoS attacks.[59] As of August 2016, the grant scheme had not paid out any money or filed paperwork to become a charity in the United States.[60]

Margaret McLennan, formerly bursary manager of the grant, posted criticism of it on social media in August 2016, saying it was mismanaged and that she had stopped managing the grant the previous March because she hadn’t been paid and that the movement had ceased.[61][62] Yiannopoulos apologised for mismanaging the grant and admitted that he had missed a deadline for turning donations into bursaries. He denied speculation he had spent the money and blamed a busy schedule. He appointed a new fund administrator, and a pilot grant had been scheduled to begin the following spring, with full disbursement in the 2017/18 academic year.[61]

Twitter controversies and permanent ban

In December 2015, Twitter briefly suspended Yiannopoulos’ account after he changed his profile to describe himself as Buzzfeed‘s “social justice editor”.[63] His Twitter account’s blue “verification” checkmark was removed by the site the following month.[63] Twitter declined to give an explanation for the removal of verification, saying that they do not comment on individual cases.[64] Some news outlets speculated that Yiannopoulos had violated its speech and harassment codes, as with an instance where he told another user that they “deserved to be harassed”.[65][66] Others worried that Twitter was targeting conservatives.[67][68][69]

In March 2016, Yiannopoulos acquired accreditation for a White House press briefing for the first time.[70]

For his criticism of Islam after the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, a terrorist attack on a gay nightclub, his Twitter account was briefly suspended in June 2016. His account was later restored.[71]

In July 2016, Yiannopoulos panned the Ghostbusters reboot as “a movie to help lonely middle-aged women feel better about being left on the shelf”.[72] After the film’s release, Twitter trolls attacked African American actress Leslie Jones with racist slurs and bigoted commentary. Yiannopoulos wrote three public tweets about Jones, saying “Ghostbusters is doing so badly they’ve deployed [Leslie Jones] to play the victim on Twitter,” before describing her reply to him as “Barely literate” and then calling her a “black dude”.[73][74][75] Multiple media outlets have described Yiannopoulos’ tweets as encouraging the abuse directed at Jones.[76][77] Yiannopoulos was then permanently banned by Twitter.[78]

Yiannopoulos stated that he was banned because of his conservative beliefs.[79] In an interview with CNBC, he denounced the abusive tweets sent by others at Jones, and said he was not responsible for them.[80] After his suspension from Twitter, the hashtag “#FreeMilo” began trending on the site by those who opposed Twitter’s decision to ban him.[81] In an interview at the 2016 Republican National Convention, Yiannopoulos thanked Twitter for banning him because he believed it made him more famous.[82]

Controversy related to paedophilia comments

In February 2017, it was announced that Yiannopoulos would address the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC). A conservative website, Reagan Battalion, then posted a video of clips of a YouTube interview.[83][84] In the interview in a January 2016 episode of the podcast Drunken Peasants,[85] Yiannopoulos stated that sexual relationships between 13-year-old boys and adults can be “consensual,” because some 13-year-olds are, in his view, sexually and emotionally mature enough to consent to sex with adults.[86][87] He used his own experience as an example, saying he was mature enough to be capable of giving consent at a young age.[83] He also stated that “paedophilia is not a sexual attraction to somebody 13 years old, who is sexually mature” but rather that “paedophilia is attraction to children who have not reached puberty”.[86][87] He also stated in the video “I think the [age of consent] law is probably about right, that is probably roughly the right age … but there are certainly people who are capable of giving consent at a younger age, I certainly consider myself to be one of them.”[86]

Defending himself, Yiannopoulos described his comments as the “usual blend of British sarcasm, provocation and gallows humour” and denied endorsing child molestation. He also claimed the video has been edited to give a misleading impression.[88][89] Yiannopoulos stated that: “I will not apologize for dealing with my life experiences in the best way that I can, which is humour. No one can tell me or anyone else who has lived through sexual abuse how to deal with those emotions. But I am sorry to other abuse victims if my own personal way of dealing with what happened to me has hurt you.”[90]

Media personalities condemned these comments, and interpreted them as an endorsement of paedophilia;[91] CPAC withdrew Yiannopoulos’s invitation to speak at their annual event as he “condoned pedophilia” through his comments,[92] stating that his apology was inadequate.[89]

Editorials in conservative media, including National Review,[93]The Blaze,[94]Townhall,[95] and The American Conservative[96] have characterized his comments as supportive of paedophilia or pederasty. Commentators such as Matthew Rozsa of and Margaret Hartmann of New York magazine wrote that in making this statement, Yiannopoulos is technically correct in distinguishing between paedophilia, hebephilia, and ephebophilia,[97][98]which are defined in the academic literature in line with the Tanner stages.[99][100] The authors also noted, however, that the term “paedophilia” is commonly used to denounce relationships of the sort allegedly promoted by Yiannopoulos,[97][98] and this imprecise usage of “paedophile” as interchangeable with “child molester” is also recognised in academic writings.[101]

In response to the controversy, Simon & Schustercancelled its plans to publish his autobiography in June 2017.[102] Media outlets reported on 20 February that Breitbart was considering terminating Yiannopoulos’ contract as a result of the controversy.[103][104][105] Yiannopoulos resigned from Breitbart on 21 February after half a dozen employees threatened to leave.[106][107]


Personal sexuality

While Yiannopoulos is openly gay, he has stated that gay rights are detrimental to humanity, and that gay men should “get back in the closet”.[108] He has described being gay as “aberrant” and “a lifestyle choice guaranteed to bring [gay people] pain and unhappiness”.[109]

Some have accused Yiannopoulos of exaggerating his homosexuality for comic effect, with James Kirchick alleging that Yiannopoulos engages in a form of “gay blackface” which “combines the mincingcamp of Quentin Crisp with the reactionary politics of Jörg Haider and is the sort of thing that might have been mildly amusing on a pre-AIDS-era episode of Hollywood Squares.”[19] Kevin Williamson in the National Review argued that “Milo Yiannopoulos of Breitbart London has done more to put homosexual camp in the service of right-wing authoritarianism than any man has since the fellows at Hugo Boss sewed all those nifty SS uniforms.”[110]


Yiannopoulos and feminist Julie Bindel were scheduled to participate in October 2015 in the University of Manchester Free Speech and Secular Society’s debate ′From liberation to censorship: does modern feminism have a problem with free speech?′. However, the Students’ Union banned first Bindel, then also Yiannopoulos.[111] The Union cited Bindel’s comments on transgender women and Yiannopoulos’ opinions on rape culture and stated that both breached the Union’s safe-space policy.[112][113]

Yiannopoulos was scheduled to talk at Bristol University the following month.[114] After protesters attempted to have him banned from the university, the event became a debate between Yiannopoulos and The Daily Telegraph blogger and feminist Rebecca Reid.[115]

Relationship with the alt-right

In a Breitbart article, he and a co-author described the alt-right movement as “dangerously bright”. Tablet noted that many of these intellectual backers write for publications Tablet describes as racist and antisemitic, like VDARE and American Renaissance.[19] The article was criticised by opponents of the right-wing for excusing the extremist elements of the alt-right, and also by neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer who claim that racism and antisemitism are pillars of the movement.[116][117] As Yiannopoulos has said:

“Trust me, alt-right hardliners don’t like me any more than they like the Republican establishment or Hillary: I’m a degenerate, race-mixing gay Jew, and they don’t let me forget it!”[9]

A Daily Beast article in September 2016 suggested that Yiannopoulos has received funding from virtual reality tycoon Palmer Luckey.[118]

Media coverage

Yiannopoulos was twice featured in Wired UK‘s yearly top 100 most influential people in Britain’s digital economy: at 84 in 2011[119] and at 98 in 2012.[22][120] In 2012, he was called the “pit bull of tech media” by Ben Dowell of The Observer.[121]

Yiannopoulos has appeared twice on the Joe Rogan Experience podcast.[122][123]

Charity work

Yiannopoulos hosted the Young Rewired State competition in 2010, an initiative to showcase the technological talents of 15–18-year-olds.[124] He organised The London Nude Tech Calendar, a calendar featuring members of the London technology scene to raise money for Take Heart India.[125]

Personal life

At the moment that Yiannopoulos says he “chose to be gay”, he wrote that he smuggled a “black drug dealer into my bedroom” at age 15, describing himself as a “coalburner” for doing so.[126] His father married a Jamaican, which Yiannopoulos claims is “where I get my coal burning from”.[16] Yiannopoulos has a long-term, black Muslim boyfriend, and claims to “like black guys for my love life, straight white males as employees, and girls as drinking buddies.”[16] As he joked to The New York Times, “I call myself a Trump-sexual. I have a very antiwhite bedroom policy, but Trump is kind of like the exception to that rule.”[127]

Before he was born his father wanted a divorce, but his mother was pregnant so his parents stayed together for six more years. Yiannopoulos has not seen his father in years.[16]

Dangerous Faggot Tour

In late 2015, Yiannopoulos began a campus speaking tour called “The Dangerous Faggot Tour”, encompassing universities in the United States and Great Britain. A number of his scheduled speeches in Great Britain were cancelled.[128] Although most of his American speeches were not cancelled, some were met with notable protest ranging from vocal disruptions to violent demonstrations. The journalist Audrey Goddard analysed his speech at the University of Pittsburgh, concluding that Yiannopoulos spends the “majority of the time voicing his opinions with little to no factual statements accompanying them”, which Goddard determined was ironic taking in account how Yiannopoulos repeatedly insisted “that he was just stating ‘facts'”.[129]

Rutgers University

On 9 February 2016, Yiannopoulos spoke at Rutgers University. At the start of his speech, female protesters suddenly stood up among the crowd and began smearing red paint on their faces before chanting “Black Lives Matter“. The mostly pro-Yiannopoulos crowd responded by chanting “Trump” over and over again until the protesters left, allowing Yiannopoulos to continue his speech.[130]

University of Minnesota

On 17 February 2016, a student-run conservative magazine at the University of Minnesota hosted Yiannopolous and Christina Hoff Sommers, and the event was also met by protesters. Roughly 40 protesters outside repeatedly chanted “Yiannopoulos, out of Minneapolis,” while about five protesters made it inside the event, shouting and sounding noisemakers, before being escorted out by security.[131] In response to these protests, members of the university faculty began pushing for more robust free speech protections at Minnesota.[132]

DePaul University

On 24 May 2016 Yiannopoulos’s speech at DePaul University was interrupted after about 15 minutes by two protesters who rushed the stage: DePaul alumnus and pastor Edward Ward, and student Kayla Johnson.[133][134] The crowd overwhelmingly began booing the protesters, at one point chanting “Get a job.” The campus security team that university administrators required the College Republicans to hire the day before (at an extra cost of $1,000, part of which was paid by Yiannopoulos himself), did not make an effort to remove the protesters.[135][136] This was in addition to further protests outside the event venue both before and after the event, which featured students reacting violently to Yiannopoulos’s supporters.[137]

In the aftermath of the incident, university president Dennis H. Holtschneider issued a statement reaffirming the value of free speech and apologising for the harm caused by Yiannopolous’s appearance on the campus. Attendees of the talk, organised by DePaul’s College Republican’s Chapter, criticised university police and event security for not removing the protesters.[138][139] Yiannopoulos later stated that he and the College Republicans wanted a refund of the money that was paid to the security team that ultimately did nothing.[140][141][142] The university later agreed to reimburse the College Republicans for the costs of event security.[143] Within three days, the university’s ratings on Facebook became overwhelmingly dominated by 1-star reviews. This ultimately accumulated over 16,000 1-star reviews that brought the university’s average to 1.1, before the page’s rating system was closed indefinitely.[144]

Opposed by Young Americans for Liberty

In May 2016 Young Americans for Liberty (YAL) staffer told YAL chapter leaders that Yiannopoulos’ endorsement of Republican presidential candidate at YAL events was creating “confusion” over the non-profit’s message. The memo was widely interpreted by chapters as an official ban of Milo at YAL events, though YAL quickly disavowed the staffer’s comment and promised to “not ban any speaker.”[145]


Yiannopoulos spoke at the University of California, Los Angeles on 31 May 2016 where the event featured an interview-style presentation alongside Dave Rubin of The Rubin Report. Prior to the start of the event, protesters formed human chains to block the front door to the theatre where the event was scheduled to take place. In response, those who wanted to attend the event were forced to sneak in through the back door, although the protesters also found out about that entrance and attempted to block it as well, subsequently leading to several attendees shoving their way through the crowd to get in. The Los Angeles Police Department officers on duty then had to prevent protesters from entering while letting attendees pass through, thus delaying the event for about an hour until the room could fill to capacity. Twice during the speech, Yiannopoulos was interrupted by a female protester who shouted “You’re spreading hate,” and was subsequently booed by the audience; despite seeming to leave after the first outburst, she returned to heckle him again before finally being escorted out of the venue.[146]The next day, it was revealed that the LAPD had come in as the event was ending and told all those still in the theatre that they had to be evacuated due to a bomb threat.

Michigan State University

On 7 December 2016 at Michigan State University, Yiannopoulos and his crew posed as protesters dressed in black with ski masks or scarfs covering their faces and carrying signs prior to his “Reclaiming Constantinople” show. While carrying a sign “MILO SUCKS”, he unveiled to “cheers and jeers” and left the protest under police protection unharmed. Seven protesters were arrested prior to the event and the meeting occurred as planned.[147][148]

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Yiannopoulos spoke at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee on 13 December 2016, hosted by Turning Point USA. President-elect Donald Trump appeared nearby the same day; Yiannopoulos is a Trump supporter. In his talk, Yiannopoulos mocked a transgender student who had protested a UWM locker room policy.[149][150] More than 300 students and faculty had signed a letter of protest delivered to Mark Mone’s office the week before the event. In response, Mone’s office issued a statement noting that “UWM does not endorse Yiannopoulos’ views” and “no tuition or segregated fee funds are being used to support the event.”[151]

UC Davis

On 13 January 2017, Yiannopoulos’ event (which was also going to feature entrepreneur Martin Shkreli) at the University of California, Davis was cancelled after protests.[152] Yiannopoulos said that the event was cancelled due to violence, but this was disputed by the police, who said that there was no evidence of violence or property destruction.[153] One person was arrested for resisting arrest.[154]

University of Washington

On 20 January 2017, Yiannopoulos spoke at the University of Washington. The event sparked large protests outside the event, adding to the violent protests at which brick and fireworks were thrown by demonstrators protesting the inauguration of Donald Trump.[155] A 34-year-old man was shot while protesting the event, and was put into intensive care at a hospital in Seattle, having suffered from life-threatening injuries.[156] The man has since been declared to be in a stable condition. The as-of-yet unnamed shooter – a 29 year old and a former student of the University of Washington – was attending the event in support of Yiannopoulos and President Donald Trump. He eventually turned himself in to the University of Washington Police, and he was later questioned and released without being charged with a crime. A witness recalled seeing someone release pepper spray in the crowd, which triggered the shooting confrontation. Through his lawyer, the shooting victim announced he plans to make a public statement at a later date.[157][156][158]

UC Berkeley

On 1 February 2017, Yiannopoulos was scheduled to make a speech at UC Berkeley at 8:00 pm. Over 1,500 people gathered to protest the event on the steps of Sproul Hall, with some violence occurring.[159] Prior to the event, more than 100 UC Berkeley faculty had signed a petition urging the university to cancel the event.[160] According to the university, around 150 masked agitators came onto campus and interrupted the protest, setting fires, damaging property, throwing fireworks, attacking members of the crowd, and throwing rocks at the police.[161] These violent protestors included members of BAMN, who threw rocks at police, shattered windows, threw Molotov cocktails, and later continued to vandalise downtown Berkeley.[162] Among those assaulted were a Syrian Muslim in a suit who was pepper sprayed and hit with a rod by a protester dressed all in black who said “You look like a Nazi”,[163] and a white woman who was pepper sprayed while being interviewed by a TV reporter.[164] Citing security concerns, the UC Police Department decided to cancel the event.[159][165] One person was arrested for failure to disperse, and there was about $100,000 in damage.[166] The police were criticised for their “hands off” policy whereby they did not arrest any of the protesters who committed assault, vandalism, or arson.[167][168] President Donald Trump criticised the university on Twitter for failing to allow freedom of speech, and threatened to defund UC Berkeley.[169][170] After the incident, Yiannopoulos’ upcoming book, Dangerous, returned to number one for a few days on Amazon‘s “Best Sellers” list.[171][172] According to Yiannopoulos’ Facebook post, he plans to return to Berkeley, “[h]opefully within the next few months.”[173]


Yiannopoulos published two poetry books under the name Milo Andreas Wagner. His 2007 release Eskimo Papoose was later scrutinised for re-using lines from pop music and television without attribution, to which he replied that it was done deliberately and the work was satirical.[3]


An autobiography titled Dangerous was announced in December 2016. Yiannopoulos has reportedly received a $250,000 advance payment from the book’s publisher, Simon & Schuster. It was intended to be published under their Threshold Editions imprint and to be issued on 14 March 2017, but Yiannopoulos pushed back the schedule to June so he could write about the demonstrations during his campus tour.[174] A day after its announcement, pre-sales for the book elevated it to first place on‘s list of best-sellers.[175]

The book announcement attracted controversy, including a statement on Twitter by The Chicago Review of Books that they would not review any Simon & Schuster book because of the book deal.[176][177] It also drew support from a number of anti-censorship groups, including English PEN.[178]

Simon & Schuster dropped publication of Dangerous on 20 February 2017. The publisher’s cancellation occurred in the wake of the video and sexual-consent comments controversy that also lead to CPAC withdrawing its speaking invitation and Yiannopoulos to resign from Brietbart.[90][179][90]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“Generation Y” redirects here. For other uses, see Generation Y (disambiguation) and Millennials (disambiguation).

Millennials (also known as Generation Y) are the demographic cohort following Generation X. There are no precise dates for when this cohort starts or ends; demographers and researchers typically use the early 1980s as starting birth years and the mid-1990s to early 2000s as ending birth years. Millennials, who are generally the children of baby boomers and older Gen Xers, are sometimes referred to as “Echo Boomers” due to a major surge in birth rates in the 1980s and 1990s. The 20th-century trend toward smaller families in developed countries continued, however, so the relative impact of the “baby boom echo” was generally less pronounced than the original post–World War II boom.

Millennial characteristics vary by region, depending on social and economic conditions. However, the generation is generally marked by an increased use and familiarity with communications, media, and digital technologies. In most parts of the world, their upbringing was marked by an increase in a liberal approach to politics and economics; the effects of this environment are disputed. The Great Recession has had a major impact on this generation because it has caused historically high levels of unemployment among young people, and has led to speculation about possible long-term economic and social damage to this generation.




Authors William Strauss and Neil Howe are widely credited with naming the Millennials.[1] They coined the term in 1987, around the time children born in 1982 were entering preschool, and the media were first identifying their prospective link to the new millennium as the high school graduating class of 2000.[2] They wrote about the cohort in their books Generations: The History of America’s Future, 1584 to 2069 (1991)[3] and Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation (2000).[2]

In August 1993, an Ad Age editorial coined the phrase Generation Y to describe those who were aged 11 or younger as well as the teenagers of the upcoming ten years who were defined as different from Generation X.[4][5]According to Horovitz, in 2012, Ad Age “threw in the towel by conceding that Millennials is a better name than Gen Y”,[1] and by 2014, a past director of data strategy at Ad Age said to NPR “the Generation Y label was a placeholder until we found out more about them”.[6] Millennials are sometimes called Echo Boomers,[7] due to them being the offspring of the baby boomers and due to the significant increase in birth rates from the early 1980s to mid 1990s, mirroring that of their parents. In the United States, birth rates peaked in August 1990[8][9] and a 20th-century trend toward smaller families in developed countries continued.[10][11] In his book The Lucky Few: Between the Greatest Generation and the Baby Boom, author Elwood Carlson called this cohort the “New Boomers”.[12]

Psychologist Jean Twenge described Millennials as “Generation Me” in her 2006 book Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled—and More Miserable Than Ever Before, which was updated in 2014.[13][14] In 2013, Time magazine ran a cover story titled Millennials: The Me Me Me Generation.[15] Newsweek used the term Generation 9/11 to refer to young people who were between the ages of 10 and 20 years during the terrorist acts of 11 September 2001. The first reference to “Generation 9/11” was made in the cover story of the 12 November 2001 issue of Newsweek.[16] Alternative names for this group proposed include Generation We,[17] Global Generation, Generation Next[18] and the Net Generation.[19]

Chinese Millennials are commonly called the 1980s and 1990s generations. At a 2015 conference in Shanghai organized by University of Southern California‘s US-China Institute, Millennials in China were examined and contrasted with American Millennials[20] Findings included Millennials’ marriage, childbearing, and child raising preferences, life and career ambitions, and attitudes towards volunteerism and activism.[21]

Date and age range defining

A minority of demographers and researchers start the generation in the mid-to-late 1970s, such as Synchrony Financial which describes Millennials as starting as early as 1976,[22][23] which uses 1976–1996,[24]MetLife which uses birth dates ranging from 1977–1994,[25] and Nielsen Media Research which uses 1977–1995.[26][27]

The majority of researchers and demographers start the generation in the early 1980s. Many end the generation in the mid-1990s. Australia‘s McCrindle Research[28] uses 1980–1994. A 2013 PricewaterhouseCoopers[29] report and Edelman Berland[30] use 1980–1995. Gallup Inc.,[31][32][33] Eventbrite[34][35] and Dale Carnegie Training and MSW Research[36] all use 1980–1996. Ernst and Young uses 1981–1996.[37] Manpower Group uses 1982–1996.[38]

Others end the generation in the late 1990s or early 2000s. Goldman Sachs,[39] Resolution Foundation,[40][41] and a 2013 Time magazine cover story[42] all use 1980–2000. SYZYGY, a digital service agency partially owned by WPP uses 1981–1998,[43][44] and the United States Census Bureau uses 1982–2000.[45] Pew Research Center defines Millennials as being born from 1981 onwards, with no chronological end point set yet.[46][47]

Demographers William Straus and Neil Howe define Millennials as born between 1982–2004.[1] However, Howe described the dividing line between Millennials and the following Generation Z as “tentative” saying, “you can’t be sure where history will someday draw a cohort dividing line until a generation fully comes of age.” He noted that the Millennials’ range beginning in 1982 would point to the next generation’s window starting between 2000 and 2006.[48]

In his 2008 book The Lucky Few: Between the Greatest Generation and the Baby Boom, author Elwood Carlson defined this cohort as born between 1983–2001 based on the upswing in births after 1983 and finishing with the “political and social challenges” that occurred after the September 11 terrorist acts.[12] In 2016, U.S Pirg described Millennials as those born between 1983 and 2000.[49][50][51] On the American television program Survivor, for their 33rd season, subtitled Millennials vs. Gen X, the “Millennial tribe” consisted of individuals born between 1984 and 1997.[52]

Due to birth-year overlap between definitions of Generation X and Millennials, some individuals born in the late 1970s and early 1980s see themselves as being “between” the two generations.[53][54][55][56] Names given to those born in the Generation X and Millennial cusp years include Xennials, The Lucky Ones, Generation Catalano, and the Oregon Trail Generation.[56][57][58][59][60]


Authors William Strauss and Neil Howe believe that each generation has common characteristics that give it a specific character with four basic generational archetypes, repeating in a cycle. According to their hypothesis, they predicted Millennials will become more like the “civic-minded” G.I. Generation with a strong sense of community both local and global.[2] Strauss and Howe ascribe seven basic traits to the Millennial cohort: special, sheltered, confident, team-oriented, conventional, pressured, and achieving. Arthur E. Levine, author of When Hope and Fear Collide: A Portrait of Today’s College Student describes these generational images as “stereotypes”.[61]

Strauss and Howe’s research has been influential, but it also has critics.[61] Psychologist Jean Twenge says Strauss & Howe’s assertions are overly-deterministic, non-falsifiable, and unsupported by rigorous evidence. Twenge, the author of the 2006 book Generation Me, considers Millennials, along with younger members of Generation X, to be part of what she calls “Generation Me”.[62] Twenge attributes Millennials with the traits of confidence and tolerance, but also describes a sense of entitlement and narcissism, based on personality surveys showing increased narcissism among Millennials compared to preceding generations when they were teens and in their twenties. She questions the predictions of Strauss and Howe that this generation will turn out civic-minded.[63][64] A 2016 study by SYZYGY a digital service agency, found Millennials in the U.S. continue to exhibit elevated scores on the Narcissistic Personality Inventory as they age, finding millennials exhibited 16% more narcissism than older adults, with males scoring higher on average than females. The study examined two types of narcissism: grandiose narcissism, described as “the narcissism of extraverts, characterized by attention-seeking behavior, power and dominance”, and vulnerable narcissism, described as “the narcissism of introverts, characterized by an acute sense of self-entitlement and defensiveness.”[43][44][65]

The University of Michigan‘s “Monitoring the Future” study of high school seniors (conducted continually since 1975) and the American Freshman survey, conducted by UCLA’s Higher Education Research Institute of new college students since 1966, showed an increase in the proportion of students who consider wealth a very important attribute, from 45% for Baby Boomers (surveyed between 1967 and 1985) to 70% for Gen Xers, and 75% for Millennials. The percentage who said it was important to keep abreast of political affairs fell, from 50% for Baby Boomers to 39% for Gen Xers, and 35% for Millennials. The notion of “developing a meaningful philosophy of life” decreased the most across generations, from 73% for Boomers to 45% for Millennials. The willingness to be involved in an environmental cleanup program dropped from 33% for Baby Boomers to 21% for Millennials.[66]

A 2013 Pew Research Poll found that 84% of Millennials, born since 1980, who were at that time between the ages of 18 and 32, favored legalizing the use of marijuana.[67] In 2015, the Pew Research Center also conducted research regarding generational identity that said a majority did not like the “Millenial” label.[68]

In March 2014, the Pew Research Center issued a report about how “Millennials in adulthood” are “detached from institutions and networked with friends.”[69][70] The report said Millennials are somewhat more upbeat than older adults about America’s future, with 49% of Millennials saying the country’s best years are ahead though they’re the first in the modern era to have higher levels of student loan debt and unemployment.

Fred Bonner, a Samuel DeWitt Proctor Chair in Education at Rutgers University and author of Diverse Millennial Students in College: Implications for Faculty and Student Affairs, believes that much of the commentary on the Millennial Generation may be partially accurate, but overly general and that many of the traits they describe apply primarily to “white, affluent teenagers who accomplish great things as they grow up in the suburbs, who confront anxiety when applying to super-selective colleges, and who multitask with ease as their helicopter parents hover reassuringly above them.” During class discussions, Bonner listened to black and Hispanic students describe how some or all of the so-called core traits did not apply to them. They often said that the “special” trait, in particular, is unrecognizable. Other socio-economic groups often do not display the same attributes commonly attributed to Millennials. “It’s not that many diverse parents don’t want to treat their kids as special,” he says, “but they often don’t have the social and cultural capital, the time and resources, to do that.”[61]

In his book, Fast Future, author David Burstein describes Millennials’ approach to social change as “pragmatic idealism” with a deep desire to make the world a better place, combined with an understanding that doing so requires building new institutions while working inside and outside existing institutions.[71]

Workplace attitudes

There are vast, and conflicting, amounts of literature and empirical studies discussing the existence of generational differences as it pertains to the workplace. The majority of research concludes Millennials differ from both their generational cohort predecessors, and can be characterized by a preference for a flat corporate culture, an emphasis on work-life balance and social consciousness.

According to authors from Florida International University, original research performed by Howe and Strauss as well as Yu & Miller suggest Baby Boomers resonate primarily with loyalty, work ethic, steady career path, and compensation when it comes to their professional lives.[72] Generation X on the other hand, started shifting preferences towards an improved work-life balance with a heightened focus on individualistic advancement, stability, and job satisfaction.[72] Meanwhile, Millennials place an emphasis on producing meaningful work, finding a creative outlet, and have a preference for immediate feedback.[72] Findings also suggest the introduction of social media has augmented collaborative skills and created a preference for a team-oriented environment.[72]

In the 2010 the Journal of Business and Psychology, contributors Myers and Sadaghiani find Millennials “expect close relationships and frequent feedback from supervisors” to be a main point of differentiation.[73] Multiple studies observe Millennials’ associating job satisfaction with free flow of information, strong connectivity to supervisors, and more immediate feedback.[73] Hershatter and Epstein, researches from Emory University, argue a lot of these traits can be linked to Millennials entering the educational system on the cusp of academic reform, which created a much more structured educational system.[74] Some argue in the wake of these reforms, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, Millennials have increasingly sought the aid of mentors and advisers, leading to 66% of Millennials seeking a flat work environment.[74]

Hershatter and Epstein also stress a growing importance on work-life balance. Studies show nearly one-third of students top priority is to “balance personal and professional life”.[74] The Brain Drain Study shows nearly 9 out of 10 Millennials place an importance on work-life balance, with additional surveys demonstrating the generation to favor familial over corporate values.[74] Studies also show a preference for work-life balance, which contrast to the Baby Boomers’ work-centric attitude.[73]

Data also suggests Millennials are driving a shift towards the public service sector. In 2010, Myers and Sadaghiani published research in the Journal of Business and Psychology stating heightened participation in the Peace Corps and MeriCorps as a result of Millennials, with volunteering being at all-time highs.[73] Volunteer activity between 2007 and 2008 show the Millennial age group experienced almost three-times the increase of the overall population, which is consistent with a survey of 130 college upperclassmen depicting an emphasis on altruism in their upbringing.[73] This has led, according to a Harvard University Institute of Politics, six out of ten Millennials to consider a career in public service.[73]

The 2014 Brookings publication shows a generational adherence to corporate social responsibility, with the National Society of High School Scholars (NSHSS) 2013 survey and Universum’s 2011 survey, depicting a preference to work for companies engaged in the betterment of society.[75] Millennials shift in attitudes has led to data depicting 64% of Millennials would take a 60% pay cut to pursue a career path aligned with their passions, and financial institutions have fallen out of favor with banks comprising 40% of the generation’s least like brands.[75]

In 2008, author Ron Alsop called the Millennials “Trophy Kids,”[76] a term that reflects a trend in competitive sports, as well as many other aspects of life, where mere participation is frequently enough for a reward. It has been reported that this is an issue in corporate environments.[76] Some employers are concerned that Millennials have too great expectations from the workplace.[77] Some studies predict they will switch jobs frequently, holding many more jobs than Gen Xers due to their great expectations.[78]

There is also a contention that the major differences are found solely between Millennials and Generation X. Researchers from the University of Missouri and The University of Tennessee conducted a study based on measurement equivalence to determine if such a difference does in fact exist .[79] The study looked at 1,860 participants whom had completed the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile (MWEP), a survey aimed at measuring identification with work-ethic characteristics, across a 12-year period spanning from 1996 to 2008.[79] The results of the findings suggest the main difference in work ethic sentiments arose between the two most recent generational cohorts, Generation X and Millennials, with relatively small variances between the two generations and their predecessor, the Baby Boomers.[79]

That said, some research fail to find convincing differences. A meta study conducted by researchers from The George Washington University and The U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences questions the validity of workplace differences across any generational cohort. According to the researches, disagreement in which events to include when assigning generational cohorts, as well as varied opinions on which age ranges to include in each generational category is the main driver behind their skepticism.[80] The analysis of 20 research reports focusing on the three work related factors of job satisfaction, organizational commitment and intent to turnover proved any variation was too small to discount the impact of employee tenure and aging of individuals.[80] Newer research shows that Millennials change jobs for the same reasons as other generations—namely, more money and a more innovative work environment. They look for versatility and flexibility in the workplace, and strive for a strong work–life balance in their jobs[81] and have similar career aspirations to other generations, valuing financial security and a diverse workplace just as much as their older colleagues.[82]

Political views

Surveys of political attitudes among Millennials in the United Kingdom have suggested increasingly social liberal views, as well as higher overall support for classical liberal economic policies than preceding generations. They are more likely to support same-sex marriage and the legalization of drugs.[83] The Economist parallels this with Millennials in the United States, whose attitudes are more supportive of social liberal policies and same-sex marriage relative to other demographics.[83] They are also more likely to oppose animal testing for medical purposes than older generations.[84] Bernie Sanders, a self-proclaimed democratic socialist and democratic candidate in the 2016 United States presidential election, was the most popular candidate among Millennial voters in the primary phase, having garnered more votes from people under 30 in 21 states than the major parties’ candidates, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, did combined.[85] In April 2016, The Washington Post viewed him as changing the way Millennials viewed politics, saying, “He’s not moving a party to the left. He’s moving a generation to the left.”[86][87] Bernie Sanders referred to Millennials as “the least prejudiced generation in the history of the United States“.[88]

In the United Kingdom, the majority of Millennials opposed the British withdrawal from the European Union. Blaming Baby boomers, who largely supported the referendum, one commenter said: “The younger generation has lost the right to live and work in 27 other countries. We will never know the full extent of the lost opportunities, friendships, marriages and experiences we will be denied.”[89][90][91][92] The Washington Post phrased this as “we let you steal our future”, reporting high voter turnout among those over 55 years of age and low voter turnout among those under 34 years of age.[93][94][95][96][97] A 2014 poll for the libertarian Reason magazine suggested that American Millennials were social liberals and fiscal centrists, more often than their global peers. The magazine predicted that Millennials would become more conservative on fiscal issues once they started paying taxes.[98]

Political correctness

Millennials have brought a resurgence of political correctness.[99] In 2015, a Pew Research study found 40% of Millennials in the United States supported government restriction of public speech offensive to minority groups. Support for restricting offensive speech was significantly lower among older generations: with 27% of Gen Xers, 24% of Baby Boomers, and only 12% of the Silent Generation supporting such restrictions. Pew Research noted similar age related trends in the United Kingdom, but not in Germany and Spain, where Millennials were less supportive of restricting offensive speech than older groups.[100] Millennials have brought changes to higher education in the US and the UK via drawing attention to microaggressions and lobbying for implementation of safe spaces and trigger warnings in the university setting. Critics of such changes have raised concerns regarding their impact on free speech, asserting these changes can promote censorship, while proponents have described these changes as promoting inclusiveness.[99][101][102]

Demographics in the United States

William Strauss and Neil Howe projected in their 1991 book Generations that the U.S. Millennial population would be 76 million.[103] Later[when?] Neil Howe revised the number to over 95 million people (in the U.S.).[citation needed] As of 2012, it was estimated that there were approximately 80 million U.S. Millennials.[104] The estimated number of U.S. Millennials in 2015 is 83.1 million people.[105] In 2016, the Pew Research Center found that Millennials surpassed Baby Boomers to become the largest living generation in the United States. By analyzing 2015 U.S Census data they found there were 75.4 million Millennials compared to 74.9 million Baby Boomers.[106][107]

Economic prospects

Economic prospects for some Millennials have declined largely due to the Great Recession in the late 2000s.[108][109][110] Several governments have instituted major youth employment schemes out of fear of social unrest due to the dramatically increased rates of youth unemployment.[111] In Europe, youth unemployment levels were very high (56% in Spain,[112] 44% in Italy,[113] 35% in the Baltic states, 19.1% in Britain[114] and more than 20% in many more countries). In 2009, leading commentators began to worry about the long-term social and economic effects of the unemployment.[115] Unemployment levels in other areas of the world were also high, with the youth unemployment rate in the U.S. reaching a record 19.1% in July 2010 since the statistic started being gathered in 1948.[116] In Canada, unemployment among youths in July 2009 was 15.9%, the highest it had been in 11 years.[117] Underemployment is also a major factor. In the U.S. the economic difficulties have led to dramatic increases in youth poverty, unemployment, and the numbers of young people living with their parents.[118] In April 2012, it was reported that half of all new college graduates in the US were still either unemployed or underemployed.[119] It has been argued that this unemployment rate and poor economic situation has given Millennials a rallying call with the 2011 Occupy Wall Street movement.[120] However, according to Christine Kelly, Occupy is not a youth movement and has participants that vary from the very young to very old.[121]

A variety of names have emerged in various European countries hard hit following the financial crisis of 2007–2008 to designate young people with limited employment and career prospects.[122] These groups can be considered to be more or less synonymous with Millennials, or at least major sub-groups in those countries. The Generation of €700 is a term popularized by the Greek mass media and refers to educated Greek twixters of urban centers who generally fail to establish a career. In Greece, young adults are being “excluded from the labor market” and some “leave their country of origin to look for better options”. They’re being “marginalized and face uncertain working conditions” in jobs that are unrelated to their educational background, and receive the minimum allowable base salary of €700 per month. This generation evolved in circumstances leading to the Greek debt crisis and some participated in the 2010–2011 Greek protests.[123] In Spain, they’re referred to as the mileurista (for €1,000 per month),[124] in France “The Precarious Generation,[125]” and as in Spain, Italy also has the “milleurista”; generation of 1,000 euros (per month).[122]

In 2015, Millennials in New York City were reported as earning 20% less than the generation before them, as a result of entering the workforce during the great recession. Despite higher college attendance rates than Generation X, many were stuck in low-paid jobs, with the percentage of degree-educated young adults working in low-wage industries rising from 23% to 33% between 2000 and 2014.[126] In 2016, research from the Resolution Foundation found Millennials in the UK earned £8,000 less in their 20s than Generation X, describing Millennials as “on course to become the first generation to earn less than the one before”.[127][128]

Generation Flux is a neologism and psychographic (not demographic) designation coined by Fast Company for American employees who need to make several changes in career throughout their working lives due to the chaotic nature of the job market following the Great Recession. Societal change has been accelerated by the use of social media, smartphones, mobile computing, and other new technologies.[129] Those in “Generation Flux” have birth-years in the ranges of both Generation X and Millennials. “Generation Sell” was used by author William Deresiewicz to describe Millennials’ interest in small businesses.[130]

Millennials are expected to make up approximately half of the U.S. workforce by 2020. Millennials are the most highly educated and culturally diverse group of all generations, and have been regarded as hard to please when it comes to employers.[131] To address these new challenges, many large firms are currently studying the social and behavioral patterns of Millennials and are trying to devise programs that decrease intergenerational estrangement, and increase relationships of reciprocal understanding between older employees and Millennials. The UK’s Institute of Leadership & Management researched the gap in understanding between Millennial recruits and their managers in collaboration with Ashridge Business School.[132] The findings included high expectations for advancement, salary and for a coaching relationship with their manager, and suggested that organizations will need to adapt to accommodate and make the best use of Millennials. In an example of a company trying to do just this, Goldman Sachs conducted training programs that used actors to portray Millennials who assertively sought more feedback, responsibility, and involvement in decision making. After the performance, employees discussed and debated the generational differences they saw played out.[76]

Millennials have benefited the least from the economic recovery following the Great Recession, as average incomes for this generation have fallen at twice the general adult population’s total drop and are likely to be on a path toward lower incomes for at least another decade. A Bloomberg L.P. article wrote that “Three and a half years after the worst recession since the Great Depression, the earnings and employment gap between those in the under-35 population and their parents and grandparents threatens to unravel the American dream of each generation doing better than the last. The nation’s younger workers have benefited least from an economic recovery that has been the most uneven in recent history.”[133]

In 2014, Millennials were entering an increasingly multi-generational workplace.[134] Even though research has shown that Millennials are joining the workforce during a tough economic time they still have remained optimistic, as shown when about nine out of ten Millennials surveyed by the Pew Research Center said that they currently have enough money or that they will eventually reach their long-term financial goals.[135]

Peter Pan generation

American sociologist Kathleen Shaputis labeled Millennials as the Boomerang Generation or Peter Pan generation, because of the members’ perceived tendency for delaying some rites of passage into adulthood for longer periods than most generations before them. These labels were also a reference to a trend toward members living with their parents for longer periods than previous generations.[136] Kimberly Palmer regards the high cost of housing and higher education, and the relative affluence of older generations, as among the factors driving the trend.[137] Questions regarding a clear definition of what it means to be an adult also impacts a debate about delayed transitions into adulthood and the emergence of a new life stage, Emerging Adulthood. A 2012 study by professors at Brigham Young University found that college students were more likely to define “adult” based on certain personal abilities and characteristics rather than more traditional “rite of passage” events.[138] Larry Nelson noted that “In prior generations, you get married and you start a career and you do that immediately. What young people today are seeing is that approach has led to divorces, to people unhappy with their careers … The majority want to get married […] they just want to do it right the first time, the same thing with their careers.”[138]

Their expectations have had a dampening effect on Millennials’ rate of marriage. In 2012, the average American couple spent an average of over $27,000 on their wedding.[139] A 2013 joint study by sociologists at the University of Virginia and Harvard University found that the decline and disappearance of stable full-time jobs with health insurance and pensions for people who lack a college degree has had profound effects on working-class Americans, who now are less likely to marry and have children within marriage than those with college degrees.[140] Data from a 2014 study of US Millennials revealed over 56% of this cohort considers themselves as part of the working class, with only approximately 35% considering themselves as part of the middle class; this class identity is the lowest polling of any generation.[141]

Research by the Urban Institute conducted in 2014, projected that if current trends continue, Millennials will have a lower marriage rate compared to previous generations, predicting that by age 40, 30.7% of millennial women will remain single, approximately twice the share of their single Gen X counterparts. The data showed similar trends for males.[142][143] A 2016 study from Pew Research showed Millennials delay some activities considered rites of passage of adulthood with data showing young adults aged 18–34 were more likely to live with parents than with a relationship partner, an unprecedented occurrence since data collection began in 1880. Data also showed a significant increase in the percentage of young adults living with parents compared to the previous demographic cohort, Generation X, with 23% of young adults aged 18–34 living with parents in 2000, rising to 32% in 2014. Additionally, in 2000, 43% of those aged 18–34 were married or living with a partner, with this figure dropping to 31.6% in 2014. High student debt is described as one reason for continuing to live with parents, but may not be the dominant factor for this shift as the data shows the trend is stronger for those without a college education. Richard Fry, a senior economist for Pew Research said of Millennials, “they’re the group much more likely to live with their parents.” furthering “they’re concentrating more on school, careers and work and less focused on forming new families, spouses or partners and children”.[144][145]

According to a cross-generational study comparing Millennials to Generation X conducted at Wharton School of Business, more than half of Millennial undergraduates surveyed do not plan to have children. The researchers compared surveys of the Wharton graduating class of 1992 and 2012. In 1992, 78% of women planned to eventually have children dropping to 42% in 2012. The results were similar for male students. The research revealed among both genders the proportion of undergraduates who reported they eventually planned to have children had dropped in half over the course of a generation.[146][147][148]


In the U.S., Millennials are the least likely to be religious.[149] There is a trend towards irreligion that has been increasing since the 1940s.[150] 29 percent of Americans born between 1983 and 1994 are irreligious, as opposed to 21 percent born between 1963 and 1981, 15 percent born between 1948 and 1962 and only 7 percent born before 1948.[151] A 2005 study looked at 1,385 people aged 18 to 25 and found that more than half of those in the study said that they pray regularly before a meal. One-third said that they discussed religion with friends, attended religious services, and read religious material weekly. Twenty-three percent of those studied did not identify themselves as religious practitioners.[152] A Pew Research Center study on Millennials shows that of those between 18–29 years old, only 3% of these emerging adults self-identified as “atheists” and only 4% self-identified as “agnostics“. Overall, 25% of Millennials are “Nones” and 75% are religiously affiliated.[153]

Over half of Millennials polled in the United Kingdom in 2013 said they had “no religion nor attended a place of worship”, other than for a wedding or a funeral. 25% said they “believe in a God“, while 19% believed in a “spiritual greater power” and 38% said they did not believe in God nor any other “greater spiritual power”. The poll also found 41% thought religion was “the cause of evil” in the world more often than good.[154]

Digital technology

Three people that appear to be Millennials using smartphones.

In their 2007 book, authors Junco and Mastrodicasa expanded on the work of William Strauss and Neil Howe to include research-based information about the personality profiles of Millennials, especially as it relates to higher education. They conducted a large-sample (7,705) research study of college students. They found that Next Generation college students, born between 1983–1992, were frequently in touch with their parents and they used technology at higher rates than people from other generations. In their survey, they found that 97% of these students owned a computer, 94% owned a mobile phone, and 56% owned an MP3 player. They also found that students spoke with their parents an average of 1.5 times a day about a wide range of topics. Other findings in the Junco and Mastrodicasa survey revealed 76% of students used instant messaging, 92% of those reported multitasking while instant messaging, 40% of them used television to get most of their news, and 34% of students surveyed used the Internet as their primary news source.[155][156]

Gen Xers and Millennials were the first to grow up with computers in their homes. In a 1999 speech at the New York Institute of Technology, Microsoft Chairman and CEO Bill Gates encouraged America’s teachers to use technology to serve the needs of the first generation of kids to grow up with the Internet.[157] Many Millennials enjoy a 250+-channel home cable TV universe. But many other millenials don’t even have a TV-set, and instead prefer streaming over the Internet.[158] One of the more popular forms of media use by Millienials is social networking. In 2010, research was published in the Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research which claimed that students who used social media and decided to quit showed the same withdrawal symptoms of a drug addict who quit their stimulant.[159] Marc Prensky coined the term “digital native” to describe “K through college” students in 2001, explaining they “represent the first generations to grow up with this new technology.”[160] Millennials are identified as “digital natives” by the Pew Research Center which conducted a survey titled Millennials in Adulthood.[70]

Millennials use social networking sites, such as Facebook, to create a different sense of belonging, make acquaintances, and to remain connected with friends.[161] In the Frontline episode “Generation Like” there is discussion about Millennials, their dependence on technology, and the ways the social media sphere is commoditized.[162]

Cultural identity

Strauss & Howe‘s book titled Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation describes the Millennial generation as “civic-minded”, rejecting the attitudes of the Baby Boomers and Generation X.[163] Since the 2000 U.S. Census, which allowed people to select more than one racial group, Millennials in abundance have asserted the ideal that all their heritages should be respected, counted, and acknowledged.[164][165] Millennials are the children of Baby Boomers or Generation Xers, while some older members may have parents from the Silent Generation. A 2013 poll in the United Kingdom found that Generation Y was more “open-minded than their parents on controversial topics”.[154][166] Of those surveyed, nearly 75% supported same-sex marriage.

A 2013 Pew Research Poll found that 84% of Millennials, born since 1980, who were at that time between the ages of 18 and 32, favored legalizing the use of marijuana.[67] In 2015, the Pew Research Center also conducted research regarding generational identity.[68] It was discovered that Millennials, or members of Generation Y, are less likely to strongly identify with the generational term when compared to Generation X or to the baby boomers, with only 40% of those born between 1981–1997 identifying as part of the Millennial Generation. Among older Millennials, those born 1981–1988, Pew Research found 43% personally identified as members of the older demographic cohort, Generation X, while only 35% identified as Millennials. Among younger Millennials (born 1989–1997), generational identity was not much stronger, with only 45% personally identifying as Millennials. It was also found that Millennials chose most often to define itself with more negative terms such as self-absorbed, wasteful or greedy. In this 2015 report, Pew defined Millennials with birth years ranging from 1981 onwards.[68]

Millennials came of age in a time where the entertainment industry began to be affected by the Internet.[167][168][169] On top of Millennials being the most ethnically and racially diverse compared to the generations older than they are, they are also on pace to be the most educated. As of 2008, 39.6% of Millennials between the ages of 18–24 were enrolled in college, which was an American record. Along with being educated, Millennials are also very upbeat. As stated above in the economic prospects section, about 9 out of 10 Millennials feel as though they have enough money or that they will reach their long-term financial goals, even during the tough economic times, and they are more optimistic about the future of the U.S. Additionally, Millennials are also more open to change than older generations. According to the Pew Research Center that did a survey in 2008, Millennials are the most likely of any generation to self-identify as liberals and are also more supportive of progressive domestic social agenda than older generations. Finally, Millennials are less overtly religious than the older generations. About one in four Millennials are unaffiliated with any religion, which is much more than the older generations when they were the ages of Millennials.[135]

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